Famous Indian Embroidery Styles (Part One)
It goes without saying that in a country as culturally diverse as India, there would be a lot of different kinds of folk arts. Be it in terms of paintings, pottery or even folklore – there is a great deal of variety in all of these art forms. Our country is also famous for its thriving textile industry and the skill of embroidery work found here. Embroidered garments are one of the chief products offered by Clothing exporters India. In this article, we talk about some of the most famous Embroidery styles in India.
Chikankari – Even a person who does not particularly keep himself informed about different embroidery styles had heard of Chikankari embroidery – that’s how famous it is! Originating in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, Chikankari work is considered to be one of the most elegant, regal and intricate of embroideries in India. In earlier times, the Chikankari art was done with white thread on muslin clothes. However, now you find this type of embroider on various types of fabrics like cotton, linen nylon, georgette, chiffon and synthetic fabrics. This style of embroidery is rather popular among Women’s apparel exporters India
Kantha Embroidery – Originating in the state of West Bengal, this form of embroidery is often referred to as a ‘recycled art’. The reason for this is that in earlier times the worn out silk or muslin clothes that were worn out would be put in piles and stitched together with Kantha embroidery work. This embroidery with a running style of stitch finds its roots in Buddhism as well. The rural women of West Bengal usually take up Kantha embroidery on cotton saris with thread taken from the borders of the sari and done all over.
Mirror Work – One of the more dynamic embroidery styles that uses more than thread is the mirror-work embroidery that originates in the state of Rajasthan. Mirror work produces a kaleidoscopic effect on textile and helps give a very jazzy look to the fabric. This type of embroidery often uses brightly colored threads of silk or cotton and even the textile that is the backdrop of the embroidery is bright. Since glass mirror are fragile, it Is not uncommon to see substitute shiny materials like mica or sequins being used. Clothing Exporters India have started offering mirror work products on a larger scale today.
Phulkari – The Phulkari embroidery is derived from the word phul which translates to flower and this type of embroidery consists of flower motifs on fabric. Embroidered mostly in Punjab and Haryana, this type of embroidery became popular in the 19th century when the tradition of carrying an ‘odhani’ or a head-scarf with flower patterns emerged. Probably the most unique feature about this type of embroidery is that the darn stitch is used on the backside of the fabric, so the design takes shape in the front. Another unique element is that the base fabric is purposely a dull shade and the embroidery is done using bright colored threads to get a contrast effect.
Zardozi – Also known as ‘metal embroidery’, Zardozi embroidery uses gold or silver zari threads. This is an ancient art form that originated in Persia and found its way to India during the Moghul period. While this art was reserved for only the rich and wealthy, now this art form has become more accessible by using colored metals instead of gold or silver. Since sewing metal threads with heavy embellishments is a rather heavy-duty task, the base fabric used is also thick and heavy such as velvet and silk. While Zardozi embroidery is not widely available with the avergae Apparel manufacturer India, there certainly is a huge market for the art.
In this blog article, we’ve only looked at a few styles of embroidery from India. However, there are innumerable beautiful embroidery styles that form an integral part of India’s rich culture and history. We will look at some other styles in the next edition of our ‘Famous Indian Embroidery Styles’ article.